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Other Names: Sticktight Flea Infestation
|Red poultry mite
|4-12 mm (0.15-0.47 in)
|1-1.5 mm (0.04-0.06 in)
|1.5-4 mm (0.06-0.16 in)
|Gray to black
|Oval and flat
|Visible to the naked eye
|Where they are found
|Hide in crevices, cracks, behind floorboards, in walls, and behind wall outlets during the day, feed on chickens at night
|Hide in crevices and cracks during the day, feed on chickens at night
|Bare skin on the head - comb, wattles, near eyes
|Wild birds, rodents, wildlife, dogs, cats, humans, contaminated equipment
|Turkeys, wildlife, wild birds, dogs, cats, horses, pigs, people, soil, litter
|Where eggs are laid
|Tiny, microscopic whitish, sticky eggs that adhere to surfaces in secluded areas
|Lays their eggs in their hiding spots
|Lay their eggs around the eyes anad wattles of chickens, causing nodules. Once the flea larvae hatch, they drop off the chicken to live in the soil for 2 weeks.
|Average Life cycle
|How you can tell
|Look around the premises for the presence of bugs
|Look for them at night on the birds
|Visible during the daytime, found in clusters on unfeathered areas, such as the bird's eyes, comb, and wattles.
|Warm and humid weather
|Excessive feather loss, vent irritation, lesions on breasts and legs, anemia, reduced egg production
|Restlessness at night, dermatitis, anemia, may cause chickens to alter where they roost at night.
|dark brown spots face, anemia, restlessness, swollen eyelids, crusted lesions, ulcerations, blindness
|Individual fleas can be carefully removed using tweezers, by grasping the flea firmly and pulling from the skin. Followed by applying an topical antibiotic ointment to the area where the flea was found to minimize risk of secondary infections.
|P Koehler et al., 2015
|Spray directly on fleas
|B Speer; Clinical Veterinary Advisor
|Spinosad (Trade name Elector PSP)
|Applied as a spray on all coop housing components.
|B Mullens et al., 2017; A Murillo et al., 2017; Dow AgroSciences 2001
|Diatomaceous Earth (DE) (food grade)
|Dust all housing components.
|A Murillo et al., 2016; C Martin et al., 2012; D Bennett et al., 2011, G Damerow
|Applied as a dust to all housing components in coop
|A Murillo et al., 2016, G Damerow
|Used as a spray or powder applied to all housing components in coop.
|Applied as a powder (5% carbaryl) or spray (4 ounces of 80% carbaryl mixed in a 5 gallon bucket of water) on all housing components.
|Applied as a powder (0.24% permethrin) or spray (3 ounces of 10% permethrin is mixed in a 5 gallon bucket of water) on all housing components.
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