Salpingitis or inflammation of the oviduct, is a serious reproductive-related emergency frequently seen in hens bred for high egg-productivity (especially ex-battery hens). It is often associated with a wide number of infectious pathogens, although Escherichia coli
is the most common infectious cause. It may also involve Actinobacter, Corynebacterium, Mycoplasma, Pasteurella, Streptococcus
spp. and/or Salmonella
Salpingitis can be septic or nonseptic, where the nonseptic form is often a chronic condition. Salpingitis can also occur as a secondary complication to other reproductive-related diseases or a tumor. It can lead to egg yolk peritonitis
and/or an impacted oviduct
What are symptoms of salpingitis?
Hens with salpingitis often present with nonspecific signs which may be confused with many other disorders or diseases. Clinical signs may include:
- Abnormal or malformed eggs - irregularly shaped, soft shelled, or blood-streaked.
- On occasion there may be cloacal discharge present
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Ruffled or fluffed feathers
- Distended abdomen
Varying degrees of abdominal distension is usually present, especially if there is an association with an impacted oviduct or cystic ovarian changes.