Attention! This is a potentially life-threatening condition for your bird and/or flock. Time is of the essence, contact your veterinarian immediately.Find me a Vet

Salpingitis

Salpingitis is inflammation of the oviduct. Almost all cases are caused by a bacterial infection, usually Escherichia coli, but sometimes Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Salmonella spp. and Pasteurella multocida can affect other organ systems simultaneously. Salpingitis can occur in acute or chronic form. Common causes of salpingitis include other reproductive system conditions such as egg binding, oviduct impaction, and egg-related peritonitis.

The oviduct is one of the main organs within a hen's reproductive system. It is a 25 to 27 inch-long twisted tube through which an ovum (egg) passes from the ovary. The oviduct is equivalent to the fallopian tube in female humans.
Laying hen oviduct
Initially the hen may not show any sign of infection, but will begin to lay fewer eggs and in some cases may stop laying eggs altogether. This has an internal impact on the hen, as the partially produced egg material (shell, yolk, membranes, etc.) that would normally develop into an egg will start to accumulate within the oviduct. The oviduct is only so large, and when it can no longer fit anymore egg material it will start to spill out and into the hen's body cavity. Once this occurs, the condition is referred to as egg peritonitis.

Symptoms

Depression
Loss of appetite
Weight loss
Cloaca discharge
Consistently laying infertile eggs
Laying soft shelled eggs
Decreased egg production
Hen stops laying eggs

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Radiography
  • Ultrasounography
  • Laparotomy
  • Culture
  • Cytology

Treatment

MethodDetails
Supportive careIsolate the bird from the flock and place in a safe, comfortable, warm location (your own chicken "intensive care unit") with easy access to water and food. Limit stress. Call your veterinarian.
Antibiotics

Prevention

Scientific References

Age Range

Salpingitis is most common in adult hens, however it can also occur in younger birds.

Risk Factors

  • Excessive abdominal fat
  • Impaction of the oviduct
  • Inappropriate treatment for egg binding
  • High producing egg laying hens.