Salpingitis or inflammation of the oviduct, is a serious reproductive-related emergency frequently seen in hens bred for high egg-productivity (especially ex-battery hens). It is often associated with a wide number of infectious pathogens, although Escherichia coli
is the most common infectious cause. It may also involve Actinobacter, Corynebacterium, Mycoplasma, Pasteurella, Streptococcus
spp. and/or Salmonella
Salpingitis can be septic or nonseptic, where the nonseptic form is often a chronic condition. Salpingitis can also occur as a secondary complication to other reproductive-related diseases or a tumor. It can lead to egg yolk peritonitis
and/or an impacted oviduct
What are symptoms of salpingitis?
Hens with salpingitis often present with nonspecific signs which may be confused with many other disorders or diseases. Clinical signs may include:
- Abnormal or malformed eggs - irregularly shaped, soft shelled, or blood-streaked.
- On occasion there may be cloacal discharge present
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Ruffled or fluffed feathers
- Distended abdomen
Varying degrees of abdominal distension is usually present, especially if there is an association with an impacted oviduct or cystic ovarian changes.
How is salpingitis treated?
Treatment for salpingitis depends on the underlying cause.