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Salpingitis

Salpingitis or inflammation of the oviduct, is a serious reproductive-related emergency frequently seen in hens bred for high egg-productivity (especially ex-battery hens). It is often associated with a wide number of infectious pathogens, although Escherichia coli is the most common infectious cause. It may also involve Actinobacter, Corynebacterium, Mycoplasma, Pasteurella, Streptococcus spp. and/or Salmonella

Salpingitis can be septic or nonseptic, where the nonseptic form is often a chronic condition. Salpingitis can also occur as a secondary complication to other reproductive-related diseases or a tumor. It can lead to egg yolk peritonitis and/or an impacted oviduct.

What are symptoms of salpingitis?


Hens with salpingitis often present with nonspecific signs which may be confused with many other disorders or diseases. Clinical signs may include:
  • Abnormal or malformed eggs - irregularly shaped, soft shelled, or blood-streaked.
  • On occasion there may be cloacal discharge present
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Weight loss
  • Ruffled or fluffed feathers
  • Distended abdomen
Varying degrees of abdominal distension is usually present, especially if there is an association with an impacted oviduct or cystic ovarian changes.

How is salpingitis treated?


Treatment for salpingitis depends on the underlying cause.

Clinical Signs

Malformed or abnormal eggs - irregularly shaped, blood-streaked, and soft-shelled)
Lethargy
Depression
Reduced appetite
Weight loss
Cloacal discharge
Fluffed or ruffled plumage
Distended abdomen

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Physical exam
  • Ultrasound
  • Endoscopy
  • Cytology of samples from the oviduct
  • Culture and sensitivity
  • Coeliotomy - will allow for a definitive diagnosis.

Treatment

NameSummary
Antibiotics
Anti-inflammatoriesMeloxicam
Hormone implantsSuprelorin® (deslorelin implants) to stop ovulation (egg production) in hens.
Salpingohysterectomy (spaying)Surgical removal of the hen's oviduct, may be indicated if the hen is unresponsive to medical treatment.
Supportive care

Support

Prevention

Hormone implants: Suprelorin®,(deslorelin implants) to stop ovulation (egg production) in hens.

Scientific References

Age Range

Salpingitis is most common in adult hens, however it can also occur in younger birds.

Risk Factors

  • Chronic egg laying
  • Overweight
  • Impaction of the oviduct
  • Inappropriate treatment for egg binding
  • High egg producing breeds

Case Stories