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Ovarian Cancer

Oviductal Adenocarcinoma, Reproductive Tract Tumor

Ovarian cancer occurs frequently in domestic laying hens, especially commercial laying breeds genetically selected for high egg productivity. This is because ovulation (laying of the egg) increases the prevalence of ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until advanced stages of the disease, which is when hens may begin to develop signs associated with tumor growth. These can include abdominal swelling, egg laying problems (increased infections, soft-shelled, shell-less and other abnormal eggs), and generalized signs of lethargy/depression.

Treatment of Ovarian Cancer


There is no available cure for ovarian cancer in hens. Treatment options are aimed at stopping egg production, to minimize risk of future egg-related infections (egg yolk peritonitis), which include hormonal implants or, as a last resort, "spaying". There are also a number of different natural herbs which have been documented to have certain anti-cancer properties and have been shown to be beneficial for some patients with ovarian tumors. These include:

Clinical Signs

Lethargy
Depression
Enlarged abdomen
Diarrhea
Reduced appetite
Upright, penguin-like position
Shell-less eggs
Abnormal eggs
Change in behavior

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Ultrasound
  • Radiographs

Treatment

NameSummary
Hormone implantsSuprelorin®, Virbac is used 'off-label' to stop ovulation (egg production) in hens.
Salpingohysterectomy (spaying)The surgical removal of the entire oviduct of the chicken.

Prevention

Prognosis

Poor

Scientific References

Blogs

Age Range

Occurs usually in mature egg laying hens over 2 years of age

Risk Factors

  • Chronic egg laying
  • Increased age
  • High egg producing breeds

Case Stories