Sea Buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides

Sea Buckthorn


  • Antioxidant
  • Antitumor
  • Antiviral
  • Antibacterial
  • Cardioprotective
  • Kidney-protection
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Wound-healing
Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) has been used for centuries for its nutritional and medicinal properties. It is a shrub which grows orange-yellow berries, and is native to Europe and Asia. The berries, leaves, seed or pulp oils contain many useful bioactive compounds and is a rich source of natural antioxidants including vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, flavonoids, organic acids and phytosterols. Numerous studies have been conducted demonstrating its useful effects in medicine on both humans and chickens. However, the chemical composition of sea buckthorn berries vary widely depending on the manufacturer. Specific applications studied in poultry include:
  • Immune boosting: Administering sea buckthorn berries in 15-day-old chicks demonstrated an immunoprotective effect against mycotoxicosis.
  • Antibacterial: Sea buckthorn leaves inhibit the effects against Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. The seed oil may be beneficial against Escherichia coli.
  • Antiviral: Sea buckthorn was found to possess a very strong antiviral activity and wide range of action against avian influenza and Herpes viruses in a study conducted in mice in 2005.
  • Antioxidant: Sea buckhorn berries include high levels of vitamin C (695 mg/100g), vitamin E (1-10 mg/100g) and carotenoids (3-15 mg/100g) especially beta-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthine. The leaves, as fresh form contain carotenoids (26.3 mg/100g), chlorophyll (98.8 mg/100g), proteins (20.7%), amino acids (0.73% lysine, 0.13% methionine & cystine), minerals (Ca, Mg and K), folic acid, catechins, esterified sterols, triterpenols and isoprenols.

Poultry Specific Studies

TypePlant PartDosageSpecific useResultsRef
Chickensoilliver protectionSea buckthorn oil had a potent hepatoprotective activity, reducing the concentration of aflatoxins in liver and diminishing their adverse effects.C Solcan et al., 2013
Quailleaf powder2% of dietkidney protectionProvided partial protection against Ochratoxin A-induced nephropathy.V Patial et al., 2013
Chickensextract200 mg/kgascites, coccidiosisdemonstrated the beneficial effect of Hippophae rhamnoides extract at high altitude and therefore, may be used in formulation of feed additive for poultry ration.S Kalia et al., 2018
Hensfruit residuesEgg qualitiesbeneficial effect of feeding sea buckthorn fruit residues on total number of laid eggs and egg yolk color.M Shaker et al., 2015
Chickensberries3 and 12 g/kg dietoverall healthinclusion of dried SB berries did not significantly affect broiler chicken growth performance, antioxidant status or intestinal health, with the exception of increased jejunal crypt depth and linear reductions in caecal concentrations of acetic, butyric and valeric acids.V Pirgozliev et al., 2023
Chickensessential oil0.6 mL/kg of body weight once a dayliver protection, aflatoxinsdecreased the severity of AFB1 toxic effects in the liver. This protective action was evident on body growth, microscopic changes in the liver, serum protein, and albumin concentration, AST activity and p53, COX-2, and Bcl-2 expression and decrease of micotoxin residues in the liver. Solcan, Carmen, et al., 2013