American Coneflower, Black Samson, Comb Flower, Echinacea
|0.1-0.5% of feed
|combined live vaccination and feed supplementation with 0.1% or 0.5% Echinacea purpurea during the first 2 weeks of life provided significant weight gain advantage compared to live vaccination alone. This advantage persisted through 2 weeks of Echinacea purpurea withdrawal and subsequent challenge infection.
|P Allen 2003
|0.25 mL/kg BW
|Higher count of lymphocytes and NDV antibodies in the blood
|Böhmer et al 2018
|aerial part powder
|5 to 10 g/kg diet
|Higher antibody titers against SRBC and NDV
|Landy et al 2018
|5 mg/kg of diet
|immunity, Escherichia coli
|improved the final body weight and immune response of non-infected chicks and have a respectable effect for facing E. coli infection. It improved hematological and serum biochemical adverse effects by E. coli infection.
|M Hashem et al., 2019
|2.5-5 g EP/kg diet
|reproductive performance, antioxidan
|had beneficial effects on productive and reproductive performance as well as lipid profile and antioxidant status and economically valued in breeder ducks under summer conditions.
|A Awad et al., 2021
|750 mg/kg of diet for 42 days
|Aided in the recovery from infection with Eimeria spp.
|A Arczewska-Wloseki et al., 2013
|dried Aerial Powder
|5 g/kg of diet
|Improved performance and immune responses
|N Landy et al., 2011
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