|addition of the dietary supplements and their combinations, particularly, probiotic and citric acid combination can improve productive performance, and intestinal flora and histomorphometry of broilers exposed to cyclic heat stress.
|A Elbaz et al., 2021
|0.75 g/kg diet
|improved Red blood cells and hemoglobin, increased total protein, globulin, high-density lipoprotein, immunoglobulin M (IgM), and IgG, superoxide dismutase and total antioxidant capacity and lowered blood total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, aspartate-aminotransferase, and malondialdehyde.
|I Ismail et al., 2021
|0.06 ml / L added to drinking water
|Continuous feeding of different doses of natural garlic essential oil could significantly reduce the clinical symptoms, cecal lesions, the number of oocysts, but increase the weight of sick chickens, and effectively improve the intestinal functions.
|L Chang et al., 2021
|the chicks’ innate immune response was modulated via various mechanisms including phagocytosis augmentation, bactericidal activity enhancement and nitric oxide (NO) production reduction, together with triggering the IL-1?, IL-6 and IFN-? cytokines expression levels
|R Rusli et al., 2022
|0.25-0.75 g/kg of diet
|had positive effects on performance traits and immunological, antioxidant and physiological status of broilers.
|IE Ismail et al., 2020
|2.5 kg/ton of diet
|incorporation of garlic powder in broiler diets as feed additive significantly enhanced growth, economic and productive performance of these chickens. Physiological measurements (body weight, weight gains, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, carcass weight and internal organs) showed better performance of garlic treated chickens compared with control group under same rearing system. The results similarly showed lower susceptibility to diseases and medicament treatment consequently; lower mortality rate compared to control groups. Furthermore, blood and meat analysis showed lower cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL, and, HDL levels compared with control group. The study concluded that garlic could be effectively used in broilers feeding to replace antibiotic as a growth promoter.
|M Al-Massad et al., 2018
|5 g/kg of diet
|had a systemic anti-hypertensive effect and could decrease ascites incidence without impairing broiler chicken performance.
|S Varmaghany et al., 2015
|aqueous water extract
|200 mg/kg BW for 7 successive days in drinking water
|had the highest antitrichomonal effect and shortened course of treatment of pigeons from 7 days in gr. III to 5 days.
|Seddiek, Sh A., et al., 2014
|1-4 g/kg diet
|The white blood cell (WBC) counts, lymphocyte and immunoglobulin G (IgG) was increased (P < 0.05) in response to FGP treatments. Broilers had lower (P < 0.05) total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and cortisol concentrations in blood when they were provided with FGP2 and FGP4 diets. FGP administration had no effect on growth performance but improved immunity and meat quality as well as decreased cholesterol and cortisol in blood.
|X Ao et al., 2011
|5 to 7.5 g/kg feed
|oocysts shedding, lesion score and histopathology of the small intestines improved.
|M Ali et al., 2018
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