Black Seeds, Black Caraway, Black Onion Seed, Kalonji
|10% of diet
|beneficial in inhibiting pathogenic microbes during early post-hatch days.
|A Zaazaa et al., 2022
|1-2% of feed
|had a positive influence on the quail growth, lipid profile, antioxidant, immunity, meat storage quality, pH, and decrease in pathogenic bacteria content.
|M Asghar et al., 2022
|2 to 300 mg/kg of feed
|when combined with thymoquinone, enhanced AF detoxification via the AFAR pathway, by increasing AKR7A2 and Nrf2 levels, in addition to reducing hepatocyte apoptosis.
|M Ates et al., 2021
|10g/kg of diet
|Decreased abdominal fat and ileal Escherichia coli.
|V Laudadio et a., 2020
|1% of diet
|can help alleviate the negative effects of aflatoxins in diet.
|S Abosaleh et al., 2019
|reduced the number of thrombocytes and neutrophils and increased lymphocytes in broilers, reduced gut Escherichia coli count.
|A Seidavi et al., 2020
|2% of diet
|acts as an immune enhancer in broilers against Pasteurella multocida.
|M Raheem et al., 2021
|1-1.4% of diet
|enhanced immune responsiveness in broiler chickens
|S Al-Mufarrej et al., 2014
|20 g/kg of diet
|improved plasma lipid profile and antibody-mediated immunity
|H Ghasemi et al., 2014
|4% or 5% of diet
|positively influenced egg production, egg weight and shell quality. Furthermore, it decreased the concentration of serum LDL cholesterol and egg yolk cholesterol concentrations and enhanced immunity against Newcastle disease virus.
|SH Khan et al., 2013
|2% of diet
|decreased the enumeration of ileal E. coli and morphological and histological alterations in small intestine such as enhancement of villus height to crypt depth ratio, increased goblet cell numbers and proliferation of lamina propria lymphatic follicles.
|J Boka et al., 2013
|2-3% of diet
|increased shell strength of eggs.
|R Aydin et al., 2008
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