TRP, Turmeric Rhizome Powder, Indian Saffron, Haldi, Kunyit.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a perennial herb that belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. It has a long history of use in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine for its treatment of inflammatory conditions, in addition to its liver protective effects, aid in digestion, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. It's main active ingredients are curcumin and essential oils. It is also the source of the spice known as turmeric, which is derived from the dried, ground rhizome. Curcumin has a vibrant yellow color which is achieved through the constituent, diferuloylmethane. It is rapidly metabolized, conjugated in the liver, and excreted in the feces when consumed by birds. Specific applications studied in poultry include:
Deworming: A 2015 study showed turmeric was beneficial against Ascaridia galli, a common intestinal nematode (roundworm), by significantly reducing the length and width of adult worms present in invested chickens digestive systems. High concentrations of turmeric (600 mg/kg of body weight) showed healing effects and restored the integrity of intestinal mucosa in their gastrointestinal tract.
Protection from Mycotoxins: Studies show that supplementation with turmeric (5 mg/kg diet) provided chickens some degree of protection against the toxic effect of mycotoxins on vital organs, such as the liver and kidneys. When supplemented in the diet of ducklings, it was found to reverse the aflatoxin-induced liver damage.
Ascites Support: Studies indicate that the addition of 5.0g/kg of TRP is enough to increase the blood saturation and bicarbonate concentration, and reduce the mortality due to ascites and serum MDA content.
Yadav, Sudhir et al. "The effects of different doses of curcumin compound on growth performance, antioxidant status, and gut health of broiler chickens challenged with Eimeria species" Poultry science vol. 99,11 (2020)