Pomegranate (Punica granatum
) is a shrub widely known for its healthy red fruits, that contains hundreds of edible seeds called arils. These seeds are a rich source of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and bioactive compounds. Two of the most beneficial compounds are:
- Punicalagins: Powerful antioxidants that are predominately concentrates in the juice and peel of the fruit
- Punicic acid: the seed oil and main fatty acid in the arils.
Anthocyanins from pomegranate fruit were found to possess higher antioxidant activity than vitamin-E (alpha-tocopherol), beta-carotene, and ascorbic acid. Ancient Egyptians realized the benefits of pomegranate as a remedy for a variety of ailments and, in recent times, pomegranate has been shown to have multiple beneficial effects, such as antiparasitic, hypolipidemic, hypoglycaemic, and antitumour activities.
: Pomegranate juice and seed extracts have 2-3 times more antioxidants than green tea or red wine.
: Two studies conducted in mice with prostate cancer showed proof that pomegranate fruit extract inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis via modulation of proteins regulating apoptosis.
: Pomegranate fruit extract suggests pomegranate may help prevent collagen degradation and may potentially inhibit joint destruction related to osteoarthritis.
: Several in vitro studies showed that pomegranate extracts may inhibit growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Diplococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella enteritidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Escherichia coli
and Candida albicans