Peppermint (Mentha piperita
) is from the mint plant, which has over 25 different species, and is a natural hybrid cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica
) and spearmint (Mentha spicata
). Peppermint has been used in traditional folk medicines since ancient times, as a remedy for several conditions and illnesses. The chemical components of peppermint oil are menthol (40.7%), menthone (23.4%), as well as menthyl acetate, 1,8-cineole, limonene, beta-pinene and beta-caryophyllene.
: Peppermint is used against endoparasites in poultry in British Columbia. The oil has larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi
and Culex quinquegaasiatus
: The addition of dry or fresh peppermint leaves to the diet of laying hens has been proven to significantly increase egg weight, egg production, egg mass, and feed intake.
: Peppermint oil was found to be somewhat effective at reducing the number of Eimeria spp.
which cause coccidiosis
: Peppermint oil is good for the protection of Newcastle disease
Mint has a fresh, slightly sweet and tangy fragrance with a strong menthol aroma.
Summary of Peppermint-related Research in Poultry
|Essential oil||Laying Hens|| ||42 days||diet Supplementation by combined form of PEO and TEO could have beneficial effects on performance parameters of Laying hens reared under cold stress condition.||Mohsen et al., 2016|
|Dried Leaves||Laying hens||20 g/kg||84 days||Significantly increased egg weight, egg production, egg mass and feed intake; Greater eggshell percentage, thickness and haugh unit||A Abdel-Wareth et al., 2014|
|Dried leaves||Broilers||0.20%||42 days||Showed growth promoting efficacy during early stages of growt, but had increased abdominal fat pad when provided after 42 days of age.||N Ocak et al., 2008|