Basil

Other Names:

Thai Basil, Sweet Basil,garden Basil, St. Joseph’s Wort, Basilicon, Joy Of The Mountain

Benefits

  • Antioxidant
  • Antiinflammatory
  • Anticancer
  • Antibacterial
  • Insect-repellent
  • Antifungal
  • Antianxiety
  • Antidepressant
  • Antiviral
  • Antibacterial
  • Antiseptic

Basil


Ocimum basilicum

Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a well-known, commonly grown, bushy annual kitchen herb that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Many different varieties of basil exist. Basil has many other beneficial uses, other than adding flavor to food. In Asia and Africa, basil has been traditionally used in the treatment of many ailments, including headaches, coughs, diarrhea, constipation, warts, worms, and kidney malfunctions.

Basil contains many beneficial polyphenolic flavonoids, essential oils, vitamins, and minerals. A breakdown of these include:
  • Polyphenolic flavonoids: Orientin and vicenin
  • Essential oils: Eugenol, citronellol, linalool, citral, limonene and terpineol.
  • Minerals: Iron, potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium.
  • Vitamins: Vitamin A, Vitamin K
  • Phytonutrients: Beta-carotene, cryptoxanthin, lutein and zeaxanthin
Egg quality improvement
15 to 30 g/kg of basil added to laying hens' diet has shown to be of benefit for egg production and egg quality. It is also proven to increase the yolk n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels. Holy basil leaf meal is a good feed supplement for increasing the yolk l-linolenic acid level by reducing the yolk saturated fatty acid levels proportionately.

Antibacterial: Basil essential oil has been found to be helpful for inhibiting many pathogenic bacteria like Staphylococcus, Enterococci, Shigella and Pseudomonas.

Insect-repellent: Basil is said to be useful for repelling mosquitoes.

Summary of Basil-related Research in Poultry
FormSpeciesAmountTime periodResultsRef
ForageLaying hens -42 daysPrefered forage in free range laying hens, ranked higher than Oregano, Dill or Parsley.M Kosmidou et al., 2015
LeavesLaying hens 42 daysImproved egg weight, feed efficiency and overall healthNarahari et al., 2004
SeedsBroilers10 g/kg49 daysStimulated growth and improved feed efficiency, decreased lipid levels, serum levels of total lipids, triglycerides, and cholesterol.A Hamada et al., 2015
Essential OilBroilers600 ppm49 daysIncreased lactic acid bacteria in the ileum, decreased the number of E. coli coloniesS Riyazi et al., 2015

References

Mountain Rose Herbs