Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrotril) is a fluroquinolone, broad-spectrum antibiotic which is useful for treating a wide range of bacterial infections in birds. Baytril is the veterinary-labeled form of ciprofloxacin, which is the equivalent drug used for humans. Fluroquinolone antibiotics are the drug of choice against Mycoplasma
, some gram-positive bacteria, and most gram-negative bacteria (includes Escherichia coli
, and Salmonella
). The oral syrup can be given directly to the mouth or dissolved in the drinking water. Due to its bitter taste, it may be necessary to mix the drug with another medium such as apple sauce or fruit juice to improve the taste. The drug is less effective when administered in drinking water.
May cause muscle necrosis and pain at the injection site if given IM. Repeated IM injections are not recommended. Birds taking this medication should be concurrently monitored for signs of secondary infections and sour crop.