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Ringworm

Flavus, Dermatophytosis, Avian Ringworm

Ringworm, also referred to as flavus, is a fungal skin infection caused by a fungus--or more specifically a group of fungi called dermatophytes. The most common dermatophyte species that infect birds are Microsporum gallinae and Trichophyton megini.

Affected chickens may initially develop white, powdery spots and wrinkled crusted along with scabs along their comb and wattles, and sometimes legs. As the infection progresses, the fungus will start to spread to other areas of their head, causing the skin to thicken and appear crusty and scaly. In long-standing or severe cases it may result in permanent damage to their beak and eyelids.

Transmission


Dermatophytes are transmitted to chickens through direct or indirect contact with skin of other infected birds, animals, insects, people, soil, or fomites (equipment, objects, clothes, etc.).

Treatment for Ringworm


Ringworm is usually successfully treated using basic over-the-counter topical fungicidal medications. The medication may be in the form of a powder, ointment, or cream. It’s applied directly to the affected areas of the bird.

Clinical Signs

White powdery comb and wattles
Thickened, crusty skin around head

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Cytology - skin scrapes.

Treatment

NameSummary
MiconazoleApplied topically, twice a day until the infection clears up.
Povidone iodineApply topically once a day until the condition clears.
EnilconazoleApplied topically until the infection clears.

Support

Scientific References

Risk Factors

  • Living in damp or humid regions