Peppermint (Mentha piperita
) is from the mint plant, which has over 25 different species, and is a natural hybrid cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica
) and spearmint (Mentha spicata
). Peppermint has been used in traditional folk medicines since ancient times, as a remedy for several conditions and illnesses. The chemical components of peppermint oil are menthol (40.7%), menthone (23.4%), as well as menthyl acetate, 1,8-cineole, limonene, beta-pinene and beta-caryophyllene.
Peppermint is used against endoparasites in poultry in British Columbia. The oil has larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi
and Culex quinquegaasiatus
The addition of dry or fresh peppermint leaves to the diet of laying hens has been proven to significantly increase egg weight, egg production, egg mass, and feed intake.
Peppermint oil was found to be somewhat effective at reducing the number of Eimeria spp.
which cause coccidiosis
Peppermint oil is good for the protection of Newcastle disease
Mint has a fresh, slightly sweet and tangy fragrance with a strong menthol aroma.
Summary of Peppermint-related Research in Poultry
|Essential oil||Laying Hens|| ||42 days||diet Supplementation by combined form of PEO and TEO could have beneficial effects on performance parameters of Laying hens reared under cold stress condition.||Mohsen et al., 2016|
|Dried Leaves||Laying hens||20 g/kg||84 days||Significantly increased egg weight, egg production, egg mass and feed intake; Greater eggshell percentage, thickness and haugh unit||A Abdel-Wareth et al., 2014|
|Dried leaves||Broilers||0.20%||42 days||Showed growth promoting efficacy during early stages of growt, but had increased abdominal fat pad when provided after 42 days of age.||N Ocak et al., 2008|