Mary Thistle, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel
|To evaluate whether the addition of silymarin and vitamin E to the diets of one-day old White Leghorn cockerels could help offset the negative effects of Ochratoxin A (OTA), a type of harmful mycotoxin known to commonly contaminate poultry feeds and many other feedstuff worldwide.||10 g/kg silymarin (SL) of diet|
200 mg/kg vitamin E
|Extract||42 days||Both additives possess an ability to ameliorate OTA-induced immunotoxicity in chicks.||Khatoon et al., 2013|
|To evaluate the efficacy of milk thistle seed (MTS) against the toxic effects of feed contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in broiler chickens.||0.5 to 1% MTS of diet||Seeds||21 days||It helped protect against the negative effects of AFB1 in the chicks.||Amiridumari et al., 2013|
|To investigate the immunomodulatory and growth promoting effect of milk thistle against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in broiler chicks.||Milk thistle at 10 g/kg of feed||Powder from the seeds||35 days||It was effective at offsetting the negative immunosuppressive effects caused by consuming AFB1 in the poultry feed.||N Chand et al., 2011|
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