Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum
) is an aromatic annual plant that is found growing in the wild from the eastern Mediterranean area to China. Today, fenugreek is cultivated worldwide as a crop plant. The seeds of the plant are what is predominately used for medicinal purposes. Fenugreek can be eaten or applied topically as an ingredient of a poultice. The taste and odor of fenugreek is similar to maple syrup.
The main active component in fenugreek seeds are 45 to 60% carbohydrates (mainly as galactomannan, a mucilage), 20-60% proteins, especially high in the amino-acids lysine and tryptophan, and 4-hydroxyisoleucine, a free amino-acid, pyridine alkaloids (trigonelline), steroidal saponins (diosgenin), flavonoids as flavone glycosides (apigenin, luteolin, quercetin) .
: Fenugreek contains an amino acid called 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which works to normalize glucose metabolism by increasing the body's production of insulin when blood sugar levels are high.
: A research study conducted on broilers showed that their body weight increased significantly and had improved feed conversion ratios when they were provided higher amounts of fenugreek seed powder in their diet (10 to 40 g/kg).
Frequent consumption of dietary fenugreek or large doses is associated with decrease in iron absorption.
Summary of Poultry-related Research Findings Involving Fenugreek
|Seed Powder||Broilers||1%||42 days||Showed hepato-protective nature and beneficial effects on the intestinal morphology||Kirubakaran et al., 2016|
|Seed Powder||Broilers||1%||17 days||Showed growth promoting effects in broiler chicken. Higher amounts in the diet had detrimental effects on weight gain.||A Weerasingha et al, 2013|
|Seed Powder||Broilers||1%||42 days||Possessed hepatoprotective properties, beneficial for improving intestinal health||S Qureshi et al., 2016|