Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual plant that is grown mainly in India, Pakistan, and China. It's seeds possess many beneficial effects such as hypoglycemic, anti-helminthic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial properties. Nutritional-wise, fenugreek is a rich source of protein, fatty acids, and minerals such as phosphorus, iron, zinc, magnesium, and calcium. It also contains many flavonoids, polysaccharides, saponins, and alkaloids (trigonelline and choline). Specific applications studied in poultry include:
Antidiabetic: Fenugreek contains an amino acid called 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which works to normalize glucose metabolism by increasing the body's production of insulin when blood sugar levels are high.
Anti-stress: A research study conducted on broilers showed that their body weight increased significantly and had improved feed conversion ratios when they were provided higher amounts of fenugreek seed powder in their diet (10 to 40 g/kg).