Fenugreek

Other Names:

Bird's Foot, Greek Hayseed, Hu-lu-ba, K'u-tou, Methi

Benefits

  • Antioxidant
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antistress
  • Antispasmodic
  • Antifungal
  • Appetite stimulant
  • Wound-healing
  • Anticancer
  • Blood cleanser

Fenugreek


Trigonella foenum-graecum

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an aromatic annual plant that is found growing in the wild from the eastern Mediterranean area to China. Today, fenugreek is cultivated worldwide as a crop plant. The seeds of the plant are what is predominately used for medicinal purposes. Fenugreek can be eaten or applied topically as an ingredient of a poultice. The taste and odor of fenugreek is similar to maple syrup.

The main components in fenugreek seeds are:
  • 45 to 60% carbohydrates - Galactomannan, a mucilage
  • 20-60% proteins - Especially high in the amino-acids lysine and tryptophan, and 4-hydroxyisoleucine, a free amino-acid
  • Pyridine alkaloids - Trigonelline
  • Steroidal saponins - Diosgenin
  • Polyphenols and flavonoids - Apigenin, luteolin, quercetin


Candidiasis (Sour crop, Thrush): Fenugreek seeds have antifungal properties particularly against Candida albicans, the organism responsible for causing Candidiasis, also known as sour crop or thrush in poultry.

Antidiabetic: Fenugreek contains an amino acid called 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which works to normalize glucose metabolism by increasing the body's production of insulin when blood sugar levels are high.

Anti-stress: A research study conducted on broilers showed that their body weight increased significantly and had improved feed conversion ratios when they were provided higher amounts of fenugreek seed powder in their diet (10 to 40 g/kg).

Herb-Drug Interactions


Frequent consumption of dietary fenugreek or large doses is associated with decrease in iron absorption.

Summary of Poultry-related Research Findings Involving Fenugreek
FormSpeciesAmountTime periodResultsRef
Seed PowderBroilers1%42 daysShowed hepato-protective nature and beneficial effects on the intestinal morphologyKirubakaran et al., 2016
Seed PowderBroilers1%17 daysShowed growth promoting effects in broiler chicken. Higher amounts in the diet had detrimental effects on weight gain.A Weerasingha et al, 2013
Seed PowderBroilers1%42 daysPossessed hepatoprotective properties, beneficial for improving intestinal healthS Qureshi et al., 2016

References

Mountain Rose Herbs