Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ10), also known as ubiquinone, is a natural antioxidant that is made by the body of humans and animals. It helps protect cells from oxidative damage and disease-causing bacteria or viruses. The production of CoQ10 decreases with age as well as for individuals with nutritional deficiencies (especially vitamin B6), mitochondrial diseases, and when fighting an infection.
Supplemental CoQ10 is useful for those suffering from neurodegenerative disorders, heart conditions, metabolic diseases, and fertility issues. It is also beneficial for cancer prevention and liver protection. CoQ10 is currently used as a supplemental therapy for heart and neurological conditions in cats and dogs.
In birds, CoQ10 may be beneficial for heart or metabolic disorders, immunity improvement, and for older birds. A summary of research studies conducted on poultry is provided in the table below.
|Type||Plant Part||Dosage||Main effects||Ref|
|Chickens||1 mg/kg PO QD-BID||beneficial for poultry suffering from heart or metabolic disorders, immune deficient, and older birds||K Marx|
|Broilers||20-40 mg/kg||reduced ascites mortality.||A Geng et al., 2010|
|Quail||900 mg/kg of diet||Showed beneficial effects on some reproduction characteristics of female Japanese quail under Cd-induced oxidative stress.||H Rafieian-Naeini et al., 2021|
|Chickens||300-600 mg/kg of diet||Helped improve testicular function in older roosters.||H Sharideh et al., 2020|
|Broilers||30 mg/kg BW||Protected the liver against diclofenac-induced liver injury while augmenting diclofenac-induced kidney injury.||Y Albadrany et al., 2020|
|Broilers||20-40 mg/kg||reduced mortality from ascites in broilers undergoing cold-stress.||M Nemati et al., 2017|
|Broilers||40 mg/kg||Showed benefit for broiler chickens suffering from heat stress.||S Raeisi-Zeydabad et al., 2017|
- Rafieian?Naeini, Hamid R., et al. "The effect of dietary coenzyme Q10 supplementation on egg quality and liver histopathology of layer quails under cadmium challenge" Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (2022)
- Rafieian-Naeini, Hamid Reza, et al.. "Effects of coenzyme Q10 on reproductive performance of laying Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) under cadmium challenge" Poultry Science 100.11 (2021)
- Sharideh, Hossein, et al. "Beneficial effects of dietary coenzyme Q10 on the productive and reproductive variables of broiler breeder hens" Animal Reproduction Science 213 (2020)
- Sharideh, Hossein, et al.. "The effect of dietary coenzyme Q10 on plasma metabolites and hepatic gene expression in broiler breeder hens" British poultry science 61. (2020)
- Sharideh, Hossein, et al. "Use of supplemental dietary coenzyme Q10 to improve testicular function and fertilization capacity in aged broiler breeder roosters" Theriogenology 142 (2020)
- Kalantar, Majid, et al.. "Effects of in ovo injection of coenzyme Q10 on hatchability, subsequent performance, and immunity of broiler chickens" BioMed Research International (2019)
- Karadas, F., et al. "Dietary essential oils improve the hepatic antioxidative status of broiler chickens." British poultry science 55.3 (2014)
- Geng, Ailian, Baoming Li, and Yuming Guo. "Effects of dietary L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 at different supplemental ages on growth performance and some immune response in ascites-susceptible broilers" Archives of Animal Nutrition 61.1 (2007)
- Singh, Ram B., et al. "Effect of coenzyme Q10 on experimental atherosclerosis and chemical composition and quality of atheroma in rabbits" Atherosclerosis 148.2 (2000)