Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum
) is well-known for it's deep blue to purple, small, edible berries (between 5–16 millimeters, or 0.2–0.6 inches, in diameter). It is from the family Ericaceae
, which includes approximately 450 species, and is closely related to cranberries, bilberries and huckleberries. Different kinds of blueberries exist, so their appearance may vary slightly. The two most common varieties are highbush and lowbush blueberries.
Blueberries are an excellent source of several vitamins, beneficial plant compounds, antioxidants, and omega-3 fatty acids. The most rich antioxidants found in blueberries include anthocyanins (more than 15 different kinds identified), quercetin and myricetin.
Nutritional facts about blueberries (per 100 g) as provided by Nutritiondata.self.com
|Fiber (g)||Protein (g)||Vit A (IU)||Vit C (mg)||Vit E (mg)||Vit K (mcg)||Folate (mcg)||Choline (mg)||Ca (mg)||Fe (mg)||Mg (mg)||P (mg)||K (mg)||Mn (mg)|
Blueberries have been shown to significantly improve cognitive function and performance when incorporated into the diet.