Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT)

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) is a gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonsporulating bacterium that has been found worldwide in numerous avian species, including chickens, ducks, turkey, quail, pheasants, ostrich, guinea fowl, geese, partridge, gull, chukar, geon, pigeon, and rook. O. rhinotracheale often occurs alongside other respiratory-focused bacterial and viral pathogens, such as Mycoplasma synoviae, Escherichia coli, Chlamydophila psittaci, Bordetella avium, newcastle disease virus, infectious disease virus and avian metapneumovirus.

Hosts

  • birds

Associated Diseases