Mycobacterium avium

Mycobacterium avium is an aerobic, non spore-forming and nonmotile rod shaped bacteria which is responsible for causing Avian Tuberculosis.

Wild birds, especially waterfowl, are frequently carriers and contaminate the soil and land/water inference where is can survive in the soil for up to 4 years. Birds become infected with M avium through faeco-oral route.


  • wild birds
  • pigs

Associated Diseases