Brand Names:
Chloramex, Chloramphenicolum, Chlornitromycin, Chlorocid, Chlorocol


Drug Type: Antibiotic

Chloramphenicol


Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used to treat serious, life threatening bacterial infections in poultry. It is effective against a wide variety of microorganisms, however since oral absorption is erratic and the potential toxic side effects to the liver and kidneys, the drug is usually only used for the treatment of birds with serious and life-threatening infections.

Forms: Chloramphenicol comes available as an injectable solution (100 mg/ml) to be given by IV or as a suspension (30 mg/ml) to be given orally.

Typical dosage: 50 mg/kg given orally, or 80 mg/kg given IM.

Caution: Known to cause bone marrow suppression and should be used with great caution in birds with any existing kidney or liver damage.

Egg withdrawal period: This drug has been "prohibited for use in all chickens according to government regulations, since they consider them a food-producing animal regardless of whether they are a pet."
  • Kidney damage
  • Liver damage
  • Amoxicillin:The metabolism of Amoxicillin can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Clomipramine: The metabolism of Clomipramine can be decreased when combined with chloramphenicol.
  • Clotrimazole: The metabolism of Chloramphenicol can be decreased when combined with Clotrimazole.
  • Cyclosporine:The serum concentration of Cyclosporine can be increased when it is combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Diazepam: The metabolism of Diazepam can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Diclofenac: The metabolism of Diclofenac can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Estradiol: The metabolism of Estradiol can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Fluoxetine: The metabolism of Fluoxetine can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Melatonin: The metabolism of Melatonin can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Omeprazole: The metabolism of Omeprazole can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Pentobarbital: The metabolism of Pentobarbital can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Phenytoin: The metabolism of Phenytoin can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Praziquantel: The metabolism of Praziquantel can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Primidone: The metabolism of Primidone can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Progesterone: The metabolism of Progesterone can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Promazine: The metabolism of Promazine can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Propofol: The metabolism of Propofol can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Secobarbital: The metabolism of Secobarbital can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Selegiline: The metabolism of Selegiline can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Tamoxifen: The metabolism of Tamoxifen can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Terbinafine: The metabolism of Terbinafine can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Testosterone: The metabolism of Testosterone can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Thiamylal: The metabolism of Thiamylal can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.
  • Thiopental: he metabolism of Thiopental can be decreased when combined with Chloramphenicol.