Amikacin (AmiJect D, Amikacin K-9) is a semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from kanamycin A. It is very potent and usually only used as a last resort in birds, due to it's nephrotoxic and ototoxic properties. Aminoglycosides are useful primarily in infections involving aerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, and Enterobacter. Amikacin may also be used to treat Mycobacterium avium infections. Aminoglycosides are mostly ineffective against anaerobic bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Drug form: Amikacin must be given by injection, and comes as an injectable solution (50 mg/ml and 250 mg/ml).
Typical Dosage: 10-20 mg/kg, given twice or three times daily by IV, IM or SC.
Caution: Be sure to prevent birds from becoming dehydrated while taking this medication, for there is a high risk of kidney damage.