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Neoplasia (tumor)

Tumor, Cancer

Neoplasia Overview


Neoplasia, otherwise known as a tumor, occur commonly in chickens. A tumor is defined as an abnormal, uncontrolled, progressive growth of cells that can occur in any tissue or organ. The most frequent types of tumors identified in chickens are lymphoma, ovarian/oviduct adenocarcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

Tumor type% Affected
Lymphoma16%
Squamous cell carcinoma11%
Ovarian/oviduct adenocarcinoma16%
Renal adenocarcinoma5%
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma8%
Seminoma0%
Interrenal cell adenoma0%
Hepatocellular carcinoma0%
Tumors are classified by their point of origin (epithelial or mesenchymal tissue), cell lineage, and whether it is benign (essentially harmless) or malignant (cancerous).

Lymphomas
Lymphoid tumors are often associated with or induced by infection with Marek's disease virus, avian leukosis virus or reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV). Lymphomas can occur in one or more of a variety of different organs and tissues. The number of and types of organs and tissues affected depend on the virus strain and chicken breed and individual genetics. Lymphomas appear as small white or gray, firm and smooth nodular growths, that vary in size. Clinical signs differ depending on the location of these tumor growths.

Clinical Signs

Weight loss
Loss in body condition
Depression
Diarrhea
Lethargy

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Biopsy
  • Radiographs
  • Bone Scan

Treatment

Supportive care

Prevention

Scientific References

Age Range

Most commonly affects older birds, but chickens of any age can be affected.