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Dactylariosis is a fatal encephalitis caused by Dactylaria gallopava. D. gallopava is a type of fungus that grows in old saw-dust and wood shavings.
Infection with D. gallopava causes damage to the chicken's central nervous system, resulting in the onset of different neurological signs, such as incoordination, torticollis, tremors, and sternal recumbency. Signs may appear very similar to those caused by aspergillosis.