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Dactylariosis

Ochroconiasis

Dactylariosis is a fatal encephalitis caused by Dactylaria gallopava. D. gallopava is a type of fungus that grows in old saw-dust and wood shavings. Infection with D. gallopava causes damage to the chicken's central nervous system, resulting in the onset of different neurological signs, such as incoordination, torticollis, tremors, and sternal recumbency. Signs may appear very similar to those caused by aspergillosis.

Clinical Signs

Incoordination
Tremors
Circling
Sternal recumbency
Paralysis
Torticollis

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Fungal culture
  • Necropsy

Treatment

NameSummary
Supportive careIsolate the bird from the flock and place in a safe, comfortable, warm location (your own chicken "intensive care unit") with easy access to water and food. Limit stress. Call your veterinarian.
Antifungal drugs

Prevention

Scientific References

Risk Factors

  • Using or reusing old saw-dust and wood shavings.
  • Hot and humid weather conditions
  • tropical or subtropical climates.

Seasonality

WinterSpringSummerAutumn

Also Consider