The Pavlovskaya chicken breed emerged in the town of Pavlovo, a small enclave of peasants and craftsmen about 200 miles east of Moscow. It has a flattened, helmet-like crest on its head and feathered legs. The breed was nearly extinct in the 1990s, but was saved and today they are slowly increasing in numbers although they are still a very rare breed.
It is believed that the Pavlovskaya os the foundational breed that gave rise to more recently developed crested breeds like the Polish, Barthuhner and Brabanter. The Pavlovskaya have a large turft on the head, feathered legs and also five toes. Pavlovskaya hens are known to be extremely cold hardy.