The Fayoumi is an ancient Egyptian breed from the district of Fayoum and has been selectively bred for egg production. They are hardy, very early maturing, strong fliers and vocal when handled. The Fayoumi is not genetically a barred breed but a pencilled breed. All chicks are born brown whether of the silver or gold variety. The plumage pattern is similar to that of the Brakel. They were introduced into the UK in 1984. Fayoumis are known to be naturally resistant to Marek's Disease and to many other illnesses
Fayoumis do not like being handled at all and will become very vocal when picked up. They can be tamed to a degree with treats but will never be fully tame. They are lively birds and are very flighty so care needs to be taken with boundary fencing as they love to roost in trees. They are happiest free ranging because they are excellent foragers. Their foraging skills are so well honed that they need very little feed to survive so are a very economical breed. They are very hardy birds and although bossy, they are not particularly aggressive and males are tolerant of each other. The hens rarely go broody so incubation is required for egg hatching. The chicks are born red brown and are fast to mature. Cocks actually start crowing at 6 weeks of age while the hens will come into lay at 16 weeks. Cocks weigh 4lbs and hens 3lbs.